2022 Poster Presentations


POSTER 1: Room-Temperature Fabrication of Dense LLZO Layer by Aerosol Deposition
Presented by Eungje L., Argonne National Laboratory
     Aerosol deposition (AD) is a low-cost, scalable method that forms dense ceramic films of thickness 1-100 µm at room temperature with high film-fabrication speed (>5 µm/min). We present the development of the aerosol deposition process to fabricate a dense ceramic electrolyte (Li6.25Al0.25La3Zr2O12, LLZO) layer. The effect of AD film fabrication parameters and the physical properties of feeding powders on the quality of AD films will be discussed.

POSTER 2: 'Overlooked' Solid Electrolytes That Can Fill the Gap Towards Well-Rounded Solid-State Batteries for EVs
Presented by Pirmin U., b-science.net
     A complementary view will be provided through an ML-supported analysis of the global patent literature in this field. This analysis reveals how major commercial players study additional solid-state electrolyte classes that are not yet in the spotlight despite their prospective importance as components of 'well-rounded' solid-state EV batteries: halides, oxohalides, eutectic salts, and combinations between an expanded set of electrolyte classes that leads to valuable synergies.

POSTER 3: Industry Service Lab Accelerates the Development of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Presented by Jiangtao Z., Eurofins Nanolab Technologies
     Industry service lab (i.e. Eurofins EAG Laboratories) plays an critical role in the battery community with fast and professional service. While EAG is capable of materials analysis with various characterization techniques, a new battery lab is under building to enhance the testing and analysis of batteries. A few examples of advanced EM including cryoEM and 3D tomography (SEM/FIB and APT) will be introduced using battery materials.

POSTER 4: Interfacial Challenges in Solid-State Batteries
Presented by Tobias K., Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
     The design of stable interfaces is considered as a key challenge in the development of solid-state batteries as they significantly contribute to performance, lifetime, safety but also manufacturability of the battery. We give a holistic overview on different interfaces that can be found from cell- to module/pack level and discuss challenges in the design as well as potential solution approaches.

POSTER 5: Developments in Optical Characterization of Solid State Batteries
Presented by Nolan W., HORIBA Scientific
     As the solid-state battery field advances, optical characterization is needed to study the electrodes and electrolytes and guide the optimization of battery performance. Spectroscopic techniques are preferred because they are non-destructive and yield compositional and structural information. In this work, we used Raman spectroscopy and elemental analysis to monitor electrode/electrolyte deterioration, evaluate spatial heterogeneity of performance/deterioration/defects (across surfaces and depth profiling of electrolytes and coatings), and perform quality control.

POSTER 6: Facile Recrystallization and Size Control of Sulfide Solid Electrolytes by Solvent Exchange for All-Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries
Presented by Yoon-Cheol H., Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute (KERI)
     To control the particle size and crystallinity of sulfide solid electrolytes, a novel facile polar-to-nonpolar solvent exchange technique is introduced. Volume-confined instantaneous recrystallization enables high purity, submicron-sized SSEs with high Li-ion conductivity. In this case study, the average particle size of a commercial Li6PS5Cl SSE was reduced from 8 um to 0.88 um, and all-solid-state cells using the submicron SSE showed higher capacity and better cycle performance.

POSTER 7: Additive Manufacturing of Solid-State Batteries
Presented by Jianchao Y., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
     We tackle the manufacturing challenges in all-solid-state lithium batteries (ASSLBs) by the adoption of additive manufacturing technologies. Laser sintering is capable of accelerating the densification of Li garnet films and generate unique dense/porous bilayers with relevant shape factors. UV-curing based 3D printing method allows the deposition of multimaterials for whole battery assembly. The new manufacturing strategies have great potentials in scaling up, reducing cost, and achieving high performance ASSLBs.

POSTER 8: LIOVIX™ A Breakthrough Technology for Lithium Battery Performance and Innovation
Presented by Jian X., Livent
     Next generation lithium batteries demand new technologies for incorporation of lithium metal. Livent has developed LIOVIX™ Printable Lithium Technology, that offers a solution to the science and engineering problems for both prelithiating and lithium metal anode applications as well as enabling innovative solutions such as dry electrode process. LIOVIX™ is an efficient way to print lithium metal on a variety of substrates such as the anode, current collector or solid-state electrolyte. LIOVIX™ can be incorporated into existing battery manufacturing processes using standard equipment and common industrial methods.

POSTER 9: Impact of Solid-State Cell Approach in Automotive Battery Modules Under Mechanical Load
Presented by Nico K., Mercedes-Benz AG
     Solid-state batteries promise advanced safety performance, which might potentially open up routes for fundamentally different battery designs. Here we compare the potential advantages of a solid-state approach over a conventional li-ion technology. For this comparison, a dedicated module build up, the testing method and the crush investigation will be presented. Additionally, an outlook on the potential automotive benefits of cells with advanced mechanical stability will be given.

POSTER 10: Safety Standards and Solid State Batteries: Is Understanding Lithium-Ion Enough?
Presented by Lucy B., Exponent
     The notoriety experienced by Solid State batteries will become critical when the technology enters the field and begins facing increased scrutiny over field failures. By some accounts, this has already begun [1,2]. To help prevent major issues, it is crucial to thoroughly evaluate new designs prior their release to the market, not only by making sure they adhere to the incumbent lithium-ion battery safety standards, but also by understanding their unique failure scenarios and the impact they could have on the end user. This poster will highlight design challenges for batteries with increased energy densities enabled by solid state cell materials, as well as methods to design for safety, including various electrochemical and calorimetric techniques.   
[1] https://insideevs.com/news/583324/paris-suspends-149-bollore-electric-buses-after-two-fires/ 
[2] https://www.electrive.com/2021/03/08/daimler-recalls-ecitaro-buses-with-solid-state-batteries/

POSTER 11: A Flexible, Freestanding Sulfidic Electrolyte Thin Film for ASSBs
Presented by Mahir U., Mercedes-Benz AG
     Post-lithium electrochemical energy storage systems are of paramount interest for industrial application due to high performance and safety. To access the practically desired high energy density of ASSBs and enable large-scale processing, a thin solid electrolyte film with high ion-transport is mandatory to reduce the proportion of inactive materials. In this effort, a flexible, freestanding SE film based on sulfide-based argyrodite (Li[6]PS[5]Cl) is prepared through a facile, conventional wet-coating technique.

POSTER 12: 500 Wh/kg All-Solid-State Battery (ASSB) via Dry-Process
Presented by Taylor X., Navitas Systems
     Dry Process electrode fabrication was demonstrated to enable large format solid-state-battery incorporating free-standing high-capacity cathode, LiPS solid-state electrolyte, and lithium anode. LiPS SSE with halogen additive showed high ionic conductivity (3-4 mS/cm) and great air stability. ASSB with flexible surface-coated NCM811 cathode, halogen stabilized SSE, and surface-protected Li demonstrated high NCM811 specific capacity (> 200 mAh/g) with coulombic efficiency > 99.5%, and it can deliver 500 Wh/kg specific energy.

POSTER 13: Compositional and Structural Control in LLZO Solid Electrolytes
Presented by Kade P., Queensland University of Technology
     A novel solution-based synthesis technique is used to demonstrate the importance of precursor homogeneity in controlling the composition and structure of LLZO solid electrolytes. In-situ X-ray and neutron diffraction coupled with elemental mapping show that enhanced homogeneity at the precursor stage (1) improves dopant distribution to stabilize the conductive cubic phase, (2) mitigates local segregation to eliminate impurities and (3) improves reaction kinetics to lower the formation temperature by 250°C.

POSTER 14: Thermoplastic Solutions for Battery Enclosures
Presented by Fred C., SABIC
     For EV battery pack applications, the inherent low density and design freedom of thermoplastics can reduce weight and cost through integration and consolidation of parts and features, such as molded-in cooling channels and energy/impact absorbers. Specific polypropylene and engineered thermoplastics can also meet flammability requirements. To support use of these materials for larger components, various plastic manufacturing technologies are available or under development to bring concepts to production.

POSTER 15: High-Energy-Density, Fast-Charging, All-Weather-Capable Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries (SSLiBs) for Electrical Vehicles
Presented by Tim L., Solid Energies, Inc.
     Solid Energies, Inc. (Anaheim, CA) in team with Bioenno Tech LLC (Santa Ana, CA) is developing a new generation of All-Solid-State Li-ion Batteries (ASSBs) that is featured with (1) superior safety and reliability (eliminating the inherent flammable/combustible risk of the state-of-the-art Li-ion battery and strong high-impact and nail-penetration resistance); (2) high energy density (>350Wh/kg vs. 250 Wh/kg of the-state-of-art); (3) all-weather capability of working from low-temperature-capability (down to -40oC) and elevated temperature (up to 90oC); (4) high charging/discharge rates (3-5C vs. 1-2C of the-state-of-the-art); and (5) low-cost, scale manufacturing that is compatible with current Li-ion production line.

POSTER 16: Glass Electrolytes
Presented by Martin M., University of Chemistry and Technology
     Quenched from its melt, the fast ion-conducting glass is a "frozen" liquid of high viscosity and amorphous structure. Therefore, it can effectively work in all-solid-state batteries replacing liquid electrolytes. As a solid solution, glass properties can be continuously tailored by adjusting its composition. Composition-property models involving the effects of components save experiments. Due to large free volume and well-balanced inorganic bonds, the glass can achieve high ionic conductivity and stability.

POSTER 17: Highly Ion-Conductive, Elastic, and Adhesive Zwitterionic Polymer Electrolyte for All-Solid-State Lithium Batteries
Presented by Sangil K., University of Illinois, Chicago
     We present a zwitterionic polyurethanes-based solid polymer electrolyte (zPU-SPE) for all-solid-state LIBs (SLBs). Our zPU-SPE exhibits a high Li+ ion conductivity, good electrochemical stabilities, and high surface adhesion energy. After a solid-state Li/zPU/LiFePO4 cell stabilized at 100 mAh/g after 15 cycles, only 3% capacity decrease after 800 cycles, delivering a discharge capacity of 97 mAh/g with stable Coulombic efficiency (100%) over entire cycles.

POSTER 18: Investigation of Lithium Ion Transport Between Solid Electrolyte and Electrode Particles Using In Situ Focus Ion Beam-Scanning Electron Microscopy and Single Particle Battery
Presented by Likun Z., Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis
     In this study, we employed in situ Focused Ion Beam-Scanning Electron Microscopy (FIB-SEM) to investigate the lithium transport between solid electrolyte and electrode at the micro particle level. A single particle solid electrolyte battery was built in FIB-SEM. LLZTO was used and a variety of electrode materials, such as germanium, carbon, SiO, LiCoO2, LiMn2O4 and NMC were tested. The results show that lithium can be inserted into electrode particle, but cannot be extracted out of the electrode particle.

POSTER 19: Advanced Processing Methods to Enable Hierarchically Structured All-Solid-State Batteries
Presented by David D., Montana State University
     Work at Montana State University aims to realize the benefits of a true all-solid-state-battery architecture including enhanced energy densities and safety. Acknowledging the challenges of constructing a device from brittle and reactive oxide materials, this presentation discusses the use of freeze tape casting, particle atomic layer deposition, and tuning of solid-state synthesis. This combination of techniques is employed to create a processing pathway for high performance ASSBs.



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